Physical Activity and NutritionPhysical activity can be described as those daily activities that result in a loss of energy through the use of our muscles and joints and increased heart and respiratory rates. - Walking
- Arm and leg movements
- Physical activity includes sport, dancing, exercising, games and other activities involving body movements such as those of the head and torso.
Exercise is defined as regular physical activity. It involves regular and repeated body movements.
There are three types of exercise:1. Aerobic exercise: This strengthens the heart and lungs. It uses plenty of oxygen and burns calories, and includes walking, biking, swimming and tennis.
2. Resistance, strengthening and weight exercises: These activities work the legs, arms and muscle groups in the chest and abdomen area, for instance fast walking, carrying a child and lifting weights. This type of exercise involves lifting, moving and carrying, and helps increase muscle mass in the body.
3. Balance and stretching exercises: These actions burn less calories but extend muscle length, reduce muscle tension, prevent injuries and increase the flexibility of those joints that handle extending, stretching and bending. Examples include yoga and light stretching.
Reference: Ministry of Health, Department of Nutrition and Physical Activity